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Current state of the fund of unpublished documents in kazakh in JSC “NC STI”/ Современное состояние фонда непубликуемых документов на казахском языке в АО «НЦ НТИ» (на англ. языке)

UDC  002.6:004.65 Выпуск 4, 2013 г. IRST  20.23.17


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O. K. Wagner

National Centre for Scientific and Technical Information

Вагнер О.К.
С
ОВРЕМЕННОЕ СОСТОЯНИЕ ФОНДА НЕПУБЛИКУЕМЫХ ДОКУМЕНТОВ НА КАЗАХСКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ В АО «НЦ НТИ»

редставлен анализ востребованности и тематической направленности диссертаций и отчетов о НИР на казахском языке за период  1993-2010 гг. Рассмотрены наиболее популярные сферы применения казахского языка на примере диссертационного фонда информационных ресурсов научно-технической информации, формируемые в Республике Казахстан.
Ключевые слова: казахский язык, информационные ресурсы, востребованность непубликуемых документов, диссертационные фонды, непубликуемые документы, фонды диссертаций.

_________________________

Vagner O.К.
CURRENT STATE OF THE FUND OF UNPUBLISHED DOCUMENTS IN KAZAKH LANGUAGE IN JSC “NC STI”

The analysis of demand and thematic focus of theses and R&D reports in the Kazakh language for the period of 1993-2010 is provided. The most popular scope of Kazakh language usage in the example of the Dissertation Fund of the Information Resources of Scientific and Technical information generated in the Republic of Kazakhstan is considered.
Keywords: Kazakh language, information resources, demand, dissertation funds.

_________________________

Вагнер О.К.
«ҰҒТАО» АҚ ҚАЗАҚ ТІЛІНДЕГІ ЖАРИЯЛАНБАҒАН ҚҰЖАТТАР ҚОРЫНЫҢ ҚАЗІРГІ КЕЗДЕГІ ЖАҒДАЙЫ

1993-2010 жж. кезеңінде қазақ тіліндегі ҒЗЖ туралы есептер мен диссертациялардың қажет етілуі мен тақырыптық бағыттарына талдау жүргізілді. Қазақстан Республикасында қалыптастырылған ғылыми-техникалық ақпараттар ресурстарының диссертациялық қоры негізінде қазақ тілін қолданудың ең кең тараған салалары қарастырылды.
Түйінді сөздер: қазақ тілі, ақпараттық ресурстар, қажет етушілік, диссертациялық қорлар

 

Представлен анализ востребованности и тематической направленности диссертаций и отчетов о НИР на казахском языке за период  1993-2010 гг. Рассмотрены наиболее популярные сферы применения казахского языка на примере диссертационного фонда информационных ресурсов научно-технической информации, формируемые в Республике Казахстан.
Ключевые слова: казахский язык, информационные ресурсы, востребованность, диссертационные фонды.

 

During 1993-2010, in the system of training and certification of highly qualified personnel in the state language 4891 dissertations, including 617 doctoral and 4274 candidate, were defended that make up 20.4% of the total number of defended dissertations. Over a period of years, an increase of defenses of dissertations in Kazakh is permanently observed (Figure 1).

vag 1

Figure 1 — Annual percent of defense of dissertations in Kazakh to the total number defenses

In 1993, it was registered that there were 50 dissertations defended in Kazakh in 5 scientific directions, 31 dissertations of them in philological sciences, 11 in history and by one work in jurisprudence and philosophy.

In 2010, 1,168 dissertations in the state language in 20 scientific directions were registered. The greatest number of defenses took place on philology (222), pedagogics (213), History (130), Economy (100).

The number of defended dissertations from 1992 to 2010 is given in Figure 2.

If in the first years of the formation of dissertations’ funds in Kazakhstan, dissertations in Kazakh didn’t exceed 1%, in 2010 already made 24.1%.

The impressive growth of this indicator is evidence of increase in the number of highly qualified specialists who hold scientific Kazakh language.

The number of defended dissertations from 1992 to 2010 is given in Figure 2.

                               

vag 2

                        Figure 2 — Defended dissertations in Kazak for 1992-2010                               

In connection with the reform of the system of training of highly qualified personnel and the termination of the order certification of scientific brainpower on assigning the degree of a candidate or doctorate of science which passed to a new single-stage system of PhD doctorate in 2011, comparative data on a ratio of annual number of the defended dissertations are submitted only till 2010. The first PhD dissertations were defended in Kazakhstan in 2008 in 3 universities: Al-Farabi KazNU, L.N.Gumilyov ENU and KazNAU.

In the state language, PhD dissertations are defended in the amount of:

2008 — 3 (economic sciences-1 and biology-1, Chemistry-1);

2009 — 7 (history — 3, chemistry — 1, biology — 1, economics-1, jurisprudence -1);

2010-12 (political sciences — 3, economics — 2, philology — 2, biology, history, technical, philosophy and earth science — by 1);

2011 — 1 (history);

2012 – 29 on 19 scientific directivities;

Below, data on the dissertations for the academic degree of a candidate and doctor of science, not including the PhD dissertations, are presented.
From the total amount of the dissertations which are in the fund, works in Kazakh were defended on 18 — 20 scientific specialties.

They are given on sectoral structure in Table 1 and Figure 3.

It is possible to note that the main share of the dissertations in Kazakh is defended on social sciences and amounts 80.7% of the general Kazakh language fund. In particular, the defenses on philology dominate (28.4%), then on pedagogical specialties (19.5%) and dissertations on history (11.2%).

Technical and applied sciences account 12.5%

Natural and exact sciences — 6.8% (Figure 4)

 vag 3

 Figure 4 — The thematic scope of the dissertations’ fund in Kazakh language

 

 Table 1 – Distribution of the dissertations defended in Kazakh language on scientific specialties for 1992-2010

 

 

Scientific specialty

The number of registered dissertations

1992-1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Total

%

01 physico-mathematical sciences

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

13

15

0,3

02 chemical

1

1

3

5

5

4

5

3

4

7

7

9

9

13

29

104

1,9

03 biological

3

2

1

3

7

7

9

3

8

12

15

12

11

23

45

162

3,3

05 technical

4

1

2

2

7

0

1

3

5

4

9

10

22

14

75

159

3,4

06 agricultural

1

0

0

0

3

1

1

4

7

8

8

16

17

26

56

148

3,0

07 historical

51

16

16

43

25

27

37

20

29

16

31

43

25

39

130

548

11,2

08 economic

3

4

1

7

9

11

7

13

21

11

26

37

34

50

100

334

7,0

09 philosophical

13

4

9

10

8

8

13

7

4

6

19

12

17

12

41

183

3,7

10 philological

134

53

57

99

56

63

78

68

82

73

108

132

54

110

222

1389

28,4

12 juridical

4

5

3

7

4

10

17

12

17

13

30

36

29

39

58

284

5,8

13 pedagogical

74

9

27

34

34

29

57

48

63

46

64

89

67

97

214

952

19,5

14 medical

2

0

5

7

7

2

15

10

7

9

15

18

20

23

75

215

4,4

15 pharmacology

1

0

1

0

0

0

1

3

2

0

0

1

0

1

2

12

0,2

16 veterinary

0

0

0

1

1

2

3

4

2

0

4

8

11

14

24

74

1,5

17 art studies

2

0

0

1

0

0

1

0

2

1

0

5

0

1

18

31

0,6

19 psychology

1

1

2

2

0

4

6

3

2

7

1

2

8

10

9

58

1,2

22 sociology

1

0

1

1

2

0

0

1

3

0

0

1

3

3

10

26

0,5

23 political

3

1

2

7

5

3

3

3

8

4

7

9

5

8

18

86

1,7

24 cultural studies

0

0

2

0

4

2

0

1

3

2

9

8

0

5

11

47

0,9

25 earth science

3

0

1

0

2

2

6

3

5

1

6

8

0

9

18

64

1,3

Total

301

97

134

230

179

173

260

209

274

220

359

456

332

497

1168

4891

100

 

 vag 4

 Figure 3 — Sectoral structure of dissertations 1992-2010.

 

 It is possible to mark that the potential of knowledge and the scientific and technic results, accumulated in this fund is demanded to a certain extent.

JSC "NC STI" started conducting the study of demand of the unpublished documents’ fund using the methodological approaches of Russian scientists V.V. Arutyunov and I.V. Marshakovoy [1-6] from 1996.

Such studies allow to determine the relevance of carried out operations on establishing the funds in Kazakh language. Assessment of demand and sectoral request for R & D and dissertations was carried out by using applied in practice Scientometrics of calculation indexes considering the number of requests for a material of the accumulated fund for a certain period of time: impact-factor, coefficients of request, demand and response [1-4].

In this case, the demand factor Df  was applied. This is a scientometric indicator which reflects the ratio of the number of requests received for a certain time from various users to the number of requested documents. This coefficient shows how much the scientific and technical product is actual according to demand.

In other words, Df is the average value which determines the frequency of a requested dissertation.

Df is calculated on the formula:          

Df = Z/D

 

where Z is the number of requests for a considered period (in our case it is a calendar year),

D is the number of requested documents.

Study of the problems of unpublished documents’ demand becomes important, as from a practical point of view for the search of ways of their effective use, and from scientific to identify the most used part of the documentary sources and actual thematic directions of science.

The demand of the dissertations’ fund is researched in a section of consumer categories, types of organizations, their territorial belonging and thematic orientation.

The conducted research of the demand for dissertations in Kazakh language, shows that in 2010 in comparison with 2004, interest in these dissertations increased by 7.4 times and the number of requests increased by 9.3 times (Figure 5).

However, from 2011 to 2013, it became to arrive a slightly smaller number of requests from consumers for which there is an objective cause contained in the fact that there was a reform of the system of training of highly qualified personnel and as a result, the number of information consumers on the category of doctorate and candidates and post-graduate student was reduced.

As a result, in comparison with 2010, the volume of requests and the number of demanded documents was reduced by 13% in 2011. In the same year, 2181 requests were received to 1849 documents, i.e. on average each document was demanded 1.2 times.

In 2010, 45% of the general dissertations’ fund which is available in Kazakh was used by information consumers and this indicator made 44.5% in 2011.

Below, the dynamics of the correlation of the requests’ number from customers to the total number of requested documents for the period of 2004-2013 years is discussed. (Figure 5)

 vag 5

Figure 5 — The dynamics of the correlation of the requests’ number from customers to the total number of requested documents for the period of 2004-2013 years

 

In 2012, 1723 documents weredemanded in 2057 requests, demand factor of each document was also 1.2. In 2013, 1791 documents were presented for 1970 requests. The factor was 1.1. During the covered period from 2009 to 2013, the average demand factor was the highest in 2012 (1,19), in remaining years, The Df equaled 1.13 — 1.18.

Thus, on average, every dissertation was demanded more than once.

By reviewing seperate scientific specialties, it was found out that the dissertations in sociology had the highest demand in 2010 and 2012 (1,5 and 1,47 respectively). In other words, each requested dissertation on average was demanded 1.5 times. In other years, Df on the specialties of sociological orientation had a value of 1.2, but in 2013 it dropped to 1.05. In 2013, the highest Df = (1,3) was to the dissertations in pedagogy. Within the year, the greatest number of requests (497) has been received for the largest number of documents (382). But the greatest number of requests for pedagogical specialties falls on 2010 (835 requests for 730 documents).

Distribution of the requests which arrived on the dissertations in Kazakh, on scientific specialties and demand factor are provided in Table 2.

The analysis of thematic orientation of the requested dissertations in Kazakh has revealed that during 2009-2013 years dissertations are demanded almost in all scientific specialties (Table 2).

Table 2 – Distribution of the requests, arrived on the dissertations in Kazakh, on scientific specialties

 

Scientific specialty

Number of requested dissertations (documents)

Number of  received requests

Demand factor Df

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

01 physical and mathematical sciences

1

-

 

1

1

1

-

 

1

1

1,0

-

-

1,0

1,0

02 chemical

-

6

11

5

5

-

6

12

5

5

-

1,0

1,1

1,0

1,0

03 biological

31

23

25

19

23

33

26

27

22

25

1,1

1,1

1,1

1,2

1,1

05 technical

11

14

11

11

10

14

15

11

11

10

1,3

1,1

1,0

1,0

1,0

06 agricultural

9

7

6

9

15

9

7

6

11

15

1,0

1,0

1,0

1,2

1,0

07 historical

187

133

156

132

143

206

139

172

167

152

1,1

1,0

1,1

1,3

1,1

08 economic

289

291

425

277

298

356

384

588

382

305

1,23

1,32

1,38

1,38

1,02

09 philosophical

25

34

47

37

42

27

35

49

43

49

1,1

1,0

1,0

1,16

1,17

10 philological

503

573

372

382

356

540

614

399

414

428

1,1

1,1

1,1

1,1

1,2

12 juridical

153

221

311

303

310

171

235

353

311

313

1,1

1,1

1,1

1,1

1,0

13 teaching

713

730

349

410

382

822

835

411

523

497

1,15

1,14

1,18

1,27

1,3

14 medical

17

13

8

7

6

17

13

9

7

6

1,0

1,0

1,1

1,0

1,0

15 pharmacology

1

 

2

2

3

1

 

2

2

3

1,0

 

1,0

1,0

1,0

16 veterinary

2

5

1

1

2

2

5

1

1

2

1,0

1,0

1,0

1,0

1,0

17 art studies

4

5

5

5

8

4

5

6

5

8

1,0

1,0

1,2

1,0

1,0

19 psychology

44

64

55

49

40

51

77

58

58

42

1,2

1,2

1,1

1,2

1,05

22 sociology

9

15

5

17

40

11

22

6

25

42

1,2

1,5

1,2

1,47

1,05

23 political

44

39

28

29

29

53

45

34

36

32

1,2

1,2

1,2

1,24

1,1

24 cultural studies

19

21

16

14

11

20

23

20

15

11

1,0

1,0

1,2

1,1

1,0

25 earth sciences

16

13

16

13

24

16

15

17

18

24

1,0

1,1

1,1

1,38

1,0

Total

2078

2207

1849

1723

1748

2354

2501

2181

2057

1970

1,13

1,13

1,18

1,19

1,13

                                   

 

 

The rating of scientific specialties on which most Fund’s dissertations are demanded, is given in Table3.

 

Table 3 — Rating of the most demanded dissertations in Kazakh language in 2010

      Rating

(cap. GRNTI) Scientific specialty

Number of requested documents

% to total

       1

13 pedagogical sciences

730

33,1

       2

10 philological

573

25,9

       3

08 economic

291

13,2

       4

12 legal

221

10,0

       5

07 historical

133

6,0

       6

19 psychology

64

2,9

       7

23 political

39

1,8

       8

09 philosophical

34

1,5

       9

03 biological

23

1,0

     10

24 Cultural Studies

21

0,9

     11

22 sociology

15

0,7

     12

05 technical

14

0,6

  13-14

14 medical

13

0,6

  13-14

25 Earth sciences

13

0,6

     15

06 agricultural

7

0,3

     16

02 chemical

6

0,3

  17-18

16 veterinary

5

0,2

  17-18

17 art studies

5

0,2

Total

2207

100

 In 2010, pedagogy, philology and economic specialties were in the lead. In 2012 and 2013, the demand of dissertations in these directions also takes the first position.

The most requested dissertations in Kazakh language, as well as in previous years, were works in economy (in 2011, 588 requests for 425 dissertations, demand factor is 1.38), in pedagogy  (in 2013, 497 requests for 382 documents, Df = 1.3), in philology (in 2013, respectively, 428 and 356, Df = 1,0,2), in jurisprudence (313 and 310 Df = 1.0). According to the findings, it is possible to state that the number of requested documents and arrived requests on them in 2011-2013 in pedagogy and philology was reduced almost twice in comparison with 2010. But interest to the documents in economics, jurisprudence, history, philosophy remains at the high level.

Scientific directions on social sciences entered into the top ten of most demanded documents. The demand for the documents in Kazakh language on such disciplines as agricultural, veterinary, technical, ecology and other scientific specialties remains unsatisfied, due to the fact that the fund’s works in Kazakh on these specialties are not enough.

Research assistants, teaching staff faculty and students of KazNPU Abai (328 requests for the documents on 12 scientific specialties including 164 requests for pedagogical orientation), Al-Farabi KazNU (respectively 273 and 14, the greatest number of requests is made on jurisprudence — 77), KazaSWTTU (Kazakh State Women’s Teacher Trining University) (181 and 12, including 75 requests on pedagogy) and etc.

Analyzing the NC STI stored dissertation fund, it is revealed that the dissertations in Kazakh language amount 20.4% of the total number.

In the fund of reports on R&D the language correlation is different. The total number of reports registered in the period of 1995-2013 is 24393, and only 692 are provided in Kazakh that makes 2.8%. This is 10 times smaller than the share of dissertations in Kazakh. However, it is necessary to note the positive tendency of the number growth of researches executed in Kazakh: 2006 — 28; 2007 – 64; 2008 — 73 (Table 4).

 Table 4 — Distribution of registered reports on research during 1995-2012 years

 

 

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

Number of registred reports on research

2

4

21

10

12

32

7

7

24

 Table 4 continued

Year

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Number of registred reports on research

17

24

28

64

73

118

45

70

130

Most part of the registered reports are on humanities — 87.0%, share of technical is 10.8% and the minimum number of works is on natural and exact sciences — 2.2% (Figure 6).

 vag 6

 Figure 6 – Percentage ratio of thematic coverage of the registered reports on research.

 Analysis of the demand for reports on research in Kazakh language has shown that the demand is not high enough because of their small number.

 

Conclusions:

1.      The total volume of demand for documents from the cumulative fund of dissertations is constantly growing and amounts 7.2%. The demand of the dissertations’ fund in Kazakh language has reached 35.74% from its volume and they are in annually increasing demand.

2.      There is an acute need in the publication of abstract journals and collections of abstracts of (R&D) in Kazakh language, because until now they have come out only in Russian.

3.      Currently, only one database in Kazakh language is created, this is a database of the dissertations defended in Kazakh, but it is not adapted to users’ work, therefore it is necessary to regularly engage in adaptation.

4.      It is expedient to publish the editions of collections of abstracts on R&D and on paper and in electronic form and it is necessary to pay attention to the mechanism of advertising, announcing and mailing on regions. Then the potential of knowledge and the scientific and technological results accumulated in Kazakhstan in R & D state funds of dissertations and deposited manuscripts in Kazakh language will be demanded in due measure and will become an effective scientific, educational and economic resource of the country.

Вагнер О.К.

 References:

1          Arutyunov V. V.    Some regularities of formation and demand of unpublished information sources in geological service of Russia//Library and associations in a changing world: new technologies and new forms of cooperation: Topic of 2003: Library and accessibility of information in the modern world: electronic resources to science, culture and education:  Tr. Conf. / 10th Anniversary of Intern. Conf. “Crimea 2003” — Moscow, Russian National Public Library, 2003. V.3. 408 p.

2       Arutyunov V.V The demand for scientific and technical production of geological organizations. The account and analysis system. / / STI. Ser. 1.-1996. — № 1. 13-18 p.

3       Arutyunov V.V  The chronological analysis of demand of dissertations and reports on R & D in the field of geology and subsoil use / / STI. Ser. 1.-1996. — № 4. 20-25 p.

4       Arutyunov V.V   Analysis of the contribution of research organizations of geological service of Russia in creation of  demanded scientific and technical products // STI. Ser.1. — 2001. — № 6 23-29 p.

5       Arutyunov V.V    Konstantinov, A.S. Assessing the contribution of managers Russian Scientific Research Institute of geological service in creating demand scientific and technical products // STI. Ser.1. — 2005. — № 7. 25-27 p.

6       Marshakova I.V. System of citation of the scientific literature as a means of tracking science development. — Moscow: Nauka, 1988. – 288 p.

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